What are Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins, also known as varicosities, occur when your veins become enlarged, dilated, and overfilled with blood. Varicose veins typically appear swollen and raised, and have a bluish-purple or red color. They are often painful. The condition is very common, especially in women. Around 25 percent of all adults have varicose veins. In most cases, varicose veins appear in the lower legs.
What causes varicose veins?
Varicose veins occur when veins aren’t functioning properly. Veins have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backward. When these valves fail, blood begins to collect in the vein branches which then enlarge and become varicose. Varicose veins often affect the legs. The veins there are the farthest from your heart, and gravity makes it harder for the blood to flow upward. This can also cause leg swelling.
What is Deep Vein Thrombossis (DVT)?
A DVT is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep inside your body. DVT mainly occurs in the large veins in the lower leg or thigh, but blood clots can form in other parts of the body. The symptoms of DVT include swelling, pain or tenderness, and warmth or redness of the skin on the affected leg. About half of the people diagnosed with DVT don’t experience any of the symptoms, which makes prevention extremely important. DVT is a serious condition that can lead to pulmonary embolism.
What is Pulmonary Embolism (PE)?
A PE occurs when a DVT or blood clot formed elsewhere in your body travels through the bloodstream and becomes lodged in your lungs. Because a PE can block blood flow to the lungs, it is potentially life threatening. The symptoms of PE include shortness of breath, pain with deep breathing, and coughing up blood. Some people experience these symptoms, unaware that they may have started as a deep vein blood clot.
We also provide comprehensive care for Varicose and Spider Veins as well as treatment of Limb Swelling and Venous Disease.
Currently, a wide variety of minimally invasive treatment options for varicose veins are available. These include:
- Endovenous ablation therapy, using heat and radiofrequency waves to close abnormal saphenous veins
- Microphlebectomy, using small incision and removing varicose veins
All procedures are performed in the privacy of our office!